The Amazon basin is a gigantic area that stretches across the countries of Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Columbia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
The area is so vast that it has a very clear relationship with the rest of the planet Earth. The rain forests contain between 90 to 140 billion metric tons of carbon, and they help to stabilize the local climate as well as the global climate. As deforestation continues in the region, there are large amounts of carbon released into the atmosphere, which can cause unknown consequences for the climactic conditions of the planet.
There are more than 30 million people who live in the Amazon area, including 350 indigenous groups of people who depend upon the Amazon for their livelihood. Most of the people live in large cities, but all the people in the area do rely upon the Amazon for necessities.
A large part of the Amazon area is made up of tropical rainforests, which are known for their warm and wet climate. The average rainfall usually runs from between 69 to 79 inches of rain per year, and the temperature averages around 64 degress F throughout the year.
Rainforests have several layers of plants from the canopy, which consists of leaves and covering high up near the treetops, down to an underlayer, and then to the floor of the forest, where very little light, about 5% of the sunlight, ever reaches. The canopy houses a huge population of insects, and the floor supports numerous animal life such as snakes, mammals, reptiles, birds, and invertebrates.
The Amazon River, is the second longest river in the world, and it begins in Peru and winds its way across 40% of South America until it drains into the Atlantic in Brazil.